Performances improvement of Shunt active power filter With voltage sensor failure

Aziz Boukadoum, Abla Bouguerne, Tahar Bahi

Abstract


The recent development of fully controllable power semiconductors has led to the design of new structures of static converters called active power filters intended to compensate for harmonic disturbances. The purpose of this filter is to inject harmonic currents so that the source current and voltage are made sinusoidal. The active power filter is connected in parallel with the network. The effectiveness of this filter essentially lies in its control and command strategy to better respond to production and distribution constraints. It automatically adapts to the evolution of disturbances introduced by non-linear loads connected to the electrical network and their response is instantaneous. The objectives we have set are to improve the performance of this filter. The p-q theory has been developed to generate a reference current for the attenuation of harmonics. This method requires the information of three load currents and three source voltages. Therefore, the controller needs information from voltages and currents sensors. Therefore, the failure of one sensor will affect the overall performance of the power filter. Different cases have been studied to observe its effect on the sinusoidal shape of the source currents and the THD. As well, an algorithm for successful compensation of voltage sensor failure has been proposed. Simulation results are presented and discussed


Keywords


Shunt active power filter, p-q theory, Voltage Sensor Failure, THD, Performances.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). IEEE recommended practice and requirement for harmonic control in electric power systems. In IEEE Std 519-2014 (Revision of IEEE Std 519-1992); IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA, 2014; pp. 1–29.

S. Choudhury, D. P. Acharya and N. Nayak, "A Comprehensive Survey on Active Power Filters: Classifications, Issues and Future Trends," 2021 International Conference in Advances in Power, Signal, and Information Technology (APSIT), Bhubaneswar, India, 2021, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/APSIT52773.2021.9641490.

Schwanz Daphne et al., "Active harmonic filters: Control techniques review", 2016 17th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of power (ICHQP), 2016.

V. Singh, S. J. Iqbal, S. Gupta and A. Yadav, "Performance Evaluation of A Shunt Active Power Filter For Current Harmonic Elimination," 2021 IEEE Region 10 Symposium (TENSYMP), Jeju, Korea, Republic of, 2021, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/TENSYMP52854.2021.9550846.

W. Hengyi and S. Liu, "Harmonic Interaction Analysis of Delta-connected Cascaded H-bridge-based Shunt Active Power Filter", IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 8.3, pp. 2445-2460, 2019.

P. Mihaela et al., "Adaptive Control of DC Voltage in Three-Phase Three-Wire Shunt Active Power Filters Systems", Energies, vol. 13.12, pp. 3147, 2020.

A. Duşa, E. Roşu, S. Epure, R. Șolea, M. Găiceanu and A. L. Sorin, "Improving the power quality using the Active Power Filter. Experimental results," 2021 7th International Symposium on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ISEEE), Galati, Romania, 2021, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ISEEE53383.2021.9628806.

A. Boukadoum, T. Bahi, A. Bouguerne and H. Merbet, "Faults Diagnosis of Active Power Filter Using Fuzzy Logic Controller under Different Conditions," 2022 IEEE International Conference on Electrical Sciences and Technologies in Maghreb (CISTEM), Tunis, Tunisia, 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/CISTEM55808.2022.10043886.

D. Chen, L. Xiao, W. Yan, Y. Li și and Y. Guo, "A harmonics detection method based on triangle orthogonal principlefor shunt active power filter", în 6th International Conference on Advances on Clean Energy Research, April 15–17, 2021.

A. Teta, A. Kouzou, M. M. Rezaoui and H. Abu-Rub, "Interactive PV-Shunt Active Power Filter based on Impedance Source Inverter Controlled by SRF-MVF," 2021 18th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals & Devices (SSD), Monastir, Tunisia, 2021, pp. 306-311, doi: 10.1109/SSD52085.2021.9429460.

H. Akagi, Y. Kanazawa, A. Nabae, "Instantaneous Reactive Power Compensators Comprising Switching Devices without Energy Storage Components," IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol.20, pp.625−630, May/June 1984.

O. Manari and M. Zazi, "Comparison of a PQ Theory Based Method and a Fuzzy Logic based Method in Harmonic Compensation," 2017 International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), Tangier, Morocco, 2017, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/IRSEC.2017.8477427.

J. Sanam, Y. Himaja, G. Amulya and N. K. Muppalla, "Reduction of Harmonics using PQ based Hysteresis Controlled Active Filter," 2021 International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Future Electric Transportation (SEFET), Hyderabad, India, 2021, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/SeFet48154.2021.9375796.

Zainuri, M.A.A.M.; Radzi, M.A.M.; Soh, A.C.; Mariun, N.; Rahim, N.A. DC-link capacitor voltage control for single-phase shunt active power filter with step size error cancellation in self-charging algorithm. IET Power Electron. 2016, 9 , 323–335.

A. Boukadoum, A. Bouguerne and T. Bahi, "Fuzzy Logic Controlled Voltage Transfer Ratio of a Matrix Converter under Harmonic Distortion," 2022 IEEE 2nd International Maghreb Meeting of the Conference on Sciences and Techniques of Automatic Control and Computer Engineering (MI-STA), Sabratha, Libya, 2022, pp. 70-74, doi: 10.1109/MI-STA54861.2022.9837547.

Hoon, Y.; Radzi, M.A.M.; Hassan, M.K.; Mailah, N.F. DC-link capacitor voltage regulation for three-phase three-level inverter-based shunt active power filter with inverted error deviation control. Energies 2016, 9, 533.

Z. Chelli, R. Toufouti, A. Omeiri and S. Saad, “ Hysteresis Control for shunt active power filter under unbalanced three phase conditions,” Journal of Electrical and computer Engineering,vol.15, 2015.

I. Chouidira , D. Eddine Khodja, H. Benguesmia ‘’Detection and Diagnosis faults in Machine asynchronous based on single processing’’, International Journal of Energetica (IJECA), Volume 4. Issue 1. 2019, pp.11-16.

A. Boukadoum, T. Bahi, A. Bouguerne, Y. Soufi and S. Oudina, "Hysteresis band current and fuzzy logic control for active power filter," 2013 Eighth International Conference and Exhibition on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), Monte Carlo, Monaco, 2013, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/EVER.2013.6521538.

F. Mekri, N. A. Ahmed, M. Machmoum and B. Mazari, "A novel hysteresis voltage control of series active power filter," 2007 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Aalborg, Denmark, 2007, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1109/EPE.2007.4417678.

Xu Dianguo, Gu Jianjun, Liu Hankui and Gong Maozhong, "Improved hysteresis current control for active power filter," 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics ( Cat. No.03TH8692), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2003, pp. 836-840 vol. 2, doi: 10.1109/ISIE.2003.1267929.

O. zouaid, L. Nezli ‘’Control with Sliding Mode of a Five-Phase Series-Connected Two-asynchronous Motor Drive’’, International Journal of Energetica (IJECA), Volume 3. Issue 1. 2018, pp.18-23.

G. Adam, A. Georgiana Stan and G. Livinţ, "An adaptive hysteresis band current control for three phase shunt active power filter U sing Fuzzy logic," 2012 International Conference and Exposition on Electrical and Power Engineering, Iasi, Romania, 2012, pp. 324-329, doi: 10.1109/ICEPE.2012.6463910.

B. Misra, P. Tripathy, R. Mohanty, S. R. Sahoo and B. Nayak, "Performance Analysis of an Adaptive Hysteresis Band Current Controller based Active Power Filter," 2022 Second International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Computing, Communication and Sustainable Technologies (ICAECT), Bhilai, India, 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICAECT54875.2022.9807992.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47238/ijeca.v5i2.129

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Energetica

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
The content of this journal is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License