Publication ethics and malpractice statement

Based on Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)'s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Obligations of the editor

 Fair play

Submitted manuscripts are evaluated for their intellectual content regardless of race, sex, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, ethnicity, position. political philosophy of the authors.


The manager and editorial staff should not disclose information about the submitted manuscript to anyone except the corresponding author, reviewers and potential reviewers, and other editorial advisers, as appropriate.

 Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest

Unpublished data contained in the submitted manuscript should not be used by the editor in his own research without the express consent of the author.

 Decision on publication

The editor of the Journal IJECA decides on the publication of the articles submitted. The editor is guided by the policy of the Editorial Board, taking into account the legal obligations regarding defamation, copyright and plagiarism. The editor can share the decision with other members of the Editorial Board or with reviewers.

 Obligations of Reviewers

Contribution in editorial decisions

Reviewers assist the editor in making decisions and can also assist the author to improve the quality of the manuscript.


A guest reviewer, where he or she does not feel sufficiently competent to assess the research presented in the manuscript, or if he finds himself unable to provide his review on time, should inform the editor without delay, in order to give him time to contact other reviewers.


All manuscripts should be treated as confidential documents. They should not be shown to anyone without the permission of the editor.

 Objectivity standards

Reports must be objective. Personal critical remarks directed at the author are not admissible. The reviewer's opinion must be clear and reasoned.

 Indication of sources

The reviewer should identify appropriate publications not cited by the author. Any such indication should be accompanied by an appropriate comment. The reviewer should draw the attention of the editor to any similarity or overlap between the manuscript and previously published material.

 Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest

Information and ideas obtained through anonymous reviewers are confidential and should not be used for the personal benefit of the reviewer. Reviewers should not accept reviewer of manuscripts where this may result in a conflict of interest arising from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with the authors.

 Obligations of authors

 Information standards

The information contained in manuscripts submitted for publication should present the results of the research carried out by the authors as well as an objective discussion of these results and their importance. The underlying data must be presented correctly. Fraudulent and knowingly imprecise information is considered unethical acts and is not acceptable.

 Originality and plagiarism

Authors must guarantee that they have written a completely original study, and if they have used the works or comments of other people, these must be correctly cited.

 Multiple publications

Normally, an author should not submit manuscripts representing the same study to more than one journal (or book). Submission of the same manuscript in parallel in more than one journal is unethical and not acceptable.

 Identification of sources

Identification of research done by others should always be given. Authors should cite publications that influenced the study in question.

Authorship of the manuscript

Only those who made a significant contribution to the conduct of the study in question are considered as authors. Everyone who contributed to the study should be included in the list of authors. If other people were involved in some aspect of the research project, they should be mentioned in the acknowledgments.

 The main author must ensure that all co-authors and only them are included in the list of authors of the manuscript, that the co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript, and that they have given their consent to submission of the manuscript.

 Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest

All authors should indicate in their manuscript conflicts of interest that may affect their interpretation in the manuscript.

Fundamental errors in the publication

If the author discovers a material error or an inaccuracy in his publication, his obligation is to promptly inform the editor and to consider, in agreement with the editor, the withdrawal of the article or the publication of the information about the error.