Economic Perspective in the Production of Silver Nanoparticles on the Bacterial Cellulose Membrane as Antibacterial Material

Asep NANDIYANTO

Abstract

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are the most frequently studied material with superiority as antibacterial that currently increasing the production of Ag NPs. Hence, feasibility study is needed for the development on the production of Ag NPs in industrial scale, especially in Indonesia and other developing countries. The chemical reduction with sodium citrate is used to produce Ag NPs. The purpose of this study is to analysis the prospect of large-scale industrial production in engineering perspective and economic evaluation. This study also gave recommendations for profitability of the production. Perspective of engineering in the production gave information about capability of large-scale production because the easy process and low-cost apparatuses of production can be done. Various economic parameters were used to completed the analysis. Then, the ideal condition to the worst issues of production was estimated to completed the calculation of economic evaluation by effects of raw materials. From this study, those all parameters gave positive result which mean it has good profitability. However, further analysis of strategies in sales and investment must be done in the future to developing the production of Ag NPs that promising in capability on large-scale production.

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