Influence of the geographical parameters on the performance of hybrid solar gas turbine

Omar Behar, Basim Belgasim, Daniel Sbarbaro, Luis Moran, Abdelmadjid Kaddour

Abstract


This study aims to investigate the influence of the geographical and climate parameters on the performance of the hybrid solar gas turbine with a pressurized air receiver. A number of sites located in South America (Chile, Bolivia, and Peru) and North Africa (Algeria and Libya) are considered. The geometric design parameters of the solar receiver and the tower are calculated using an in-house code. The layout and the optical performance of the heliostat field are carried out using SolarPILOT software. The simulation of the complete hybrid solar gas turbine is carried out using TRNSYS software. A 50 MWe hybrid solar gas turbine is chosen in this study. Results show that a hybrid solar gas turbine installed in North Africa performs better than that installed in South America. This is mainly due to the optical performance of the heliostat field, which are better in North Africa are than in South America. The highest annual optical efficiency of a solar field is observed at Bechar (Algeria) 56.8% while the lowest annual efficiency is observed at Antofagasta (Chile) 48.1%. The solar-to-electric efficiency at Atacama Desert is lower than in the Sahara Desert. Indeed, in Atacama region, the solar-to-electric efficiency varies from 17% at Antofagasta to about 18% in Arequipa while it is above 19% at Sabha and Bechar.


Keywords


Solar energy, hybrid solar gas turbine, solar thermal power plants, concentrating solar power, solarPILOT, TRNSYS.

Full Text:

PDF

References


B. Belgasim, Y. Aldali, M. J. R. Abdunnabi, G. Hashem, and K. Hossin, “The potential of concentrating solar power (CSP) for electricity generation in Libya,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 90. 2018, pp. 1–15.

O. Behar, A. Khellaf, and K. Mohammedi, “A review of studies on central receiver solar thermal power plants,” Renew. Sustain. energy Rev., Vol. 23, 2013, pp. 12–39.

P. Heller et al., “Test and evaluation of a solar powered gas turbine system,” Sol. Energy, Vol. 80, No. 10, 2006, pp. 1225–1230.

P. Schwarzbözl et al., “Solar gas turbine systems: Design, cost and perspectives,” Sol. Energy, Vol. 80, No. 10, 2006, pp. 1231–1240.

“SOLGATE solar hybrid gas turbine electric power system. Technical Repor,” 2005.

“Solar-Hybrid Power and Cogeneration Plants (SOLHYCO),” 2011.

M. Quero, R. Korzynietz, M. Ebert, A. A. Jiménez, A. Del Río, and J. A. Brioso, “Solugas - Operation experience of the first solar hybrid gas turbine system at MW scale,” in Energy Procedia, Vol. 49, 2014, pp. 1820–1830.

R. Korzynietz et al., “Solugas - Comprehensive analysis of the solar hybrid Brayton plant,” Sol. Energy, Vol. 135, 2016, pp. 578–589.

B. Ssebabi, F. Dinter, J. van der Spuy, and M. Schatz, “Predicting the performance of a micro gas turbine under solar-hybrid operation,” Energy, Vol. 177, 2019, pp. 121–135.

S. Semprini, D. Sánchez, and A. De Pascale, “Performance analysis of a micro gas turbine and solar dish integrated system under different solar-only and hybrid operating conditions,” Sol. Energy, Vol. 132, 2016, pp. 279–293.

M. Babaelahi and H. Jafari, “Analytical design and optimization of a new hybrid solar-driven micro gas turbine/stirling engine, based on exergo-enviro-economic concept,” Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments, Vol. 42, 2020, pp. 100845.

M. C. Cameretti, R. De Robbio, E. Pirone, and R. Tuccillo, “Thermo-Economic Analysis of a hybrid solar micro gas turbine power plant,” in Energy Procedia, Vol. 126, 2017, pp. 667–674.

M. Amelio, M. S. Pèrez, V. Ferraro, F. Rovense, and S. Bova, “Dynamic simulation of the temperature inlet turbine control system for an unfired micro gas turbine in a concentrating solar tower.,” in Energy Procedia, Vol. 148, 2018, pp. 712–719.

M. C. Cameretti, G. Langella, S. Sabino, and R. Tuccillo, “Modeling of a hybrid solar micro gas-turbine power plant,” in Energy Procedia, Vol. 82, 2015, pp. 833–840.

A. Giostri, M. Binotti, C. Sterpos, and G. Lozza, “Small scale solar tower coupled with micro gas turbine,” Renew. Energy, Vol. 147, 2020, pp. 570–583.

O. Behar, “A novel hybrid solar preheating gas turbine,” Energy Convers. Manag., Vol. 158, 2018, pp. 120–132.

A. Giostri, “Preliminary analysis of solarized micro gas turbine application to CSP parabolic dish plants,” in Energy Procedia, Vol. 142, 2017, pp. 768–773.

A. M. Daabo, K. E. Hammo, O. A. Mohammed, A. A. Hassan, and T. Lattimore, “Performance investigation and design optimization of micro scale compressed air axial turbine for domestic solar powered Brayton cycle,” Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments, Vol. 37, 2020, pp. 100583, Feb.

G. Barigozzi, G. Bonetti, G. Franchini, A. Perdichizzi, and S. Ravelli, “Thermal performance prediction of a solar hybrid gas turbine,” Sol. Energy, Vol. 86, No. 7, 2012, pp. 2116–2127.

B. Belgasim, O. Behar, M. Abdunnabi, and F. Mohamed, “Modeling and simulation of a large-scale hybrid solar gas turbine with pressurized air receiver,” in 11th International Renewable Energy Congress, IREC 2020, 2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47238/ijeca.v6i1.153

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Energetica

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
The content of this journal is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License