Bioclimatic approach of passive cooling techniques for the design of buildings in southern Algeria

Belkhir Hebbal, Yacine Marif, Abdelmadjid Kaddour, Mohamed Mustapha Belhadj, Abdelghani Azizi

Abstract


The bioclimatic approach looks into the opportunities for building conception under the local climatic conditions. The first bioclimatic chart has been developed by Olgyay which combines temperature with relative humidity to characterize the comfort zone. It is founded on outside climate conditions to identify attenuation measures such as solar radiation, wind speed, or shading to reach comfortable inside conditions. Givoni created also a bioclimatic chart founded on inside conditions using the physical and thermal properties of air. Bioclimatic approach strategies contribute to decreasing the building energy loads and increasing thermal comfort for its residents over the year. The principal aim of this research is to evaluate a bioclimatic approach to passive cooling for building design in Algeria's South using Givoni's Bioclimatic chart and Olgyay's Bioclimatic chart. Climate data of various locations (Ouargla, Ghardaia, and El Oued) within this area were collected and analyzed. Furthermore, an overview of appropriated conception strategies for the hot season for each zone is developed. The results show that the maximum average temperature from June to August at around 43.1°C. After applying passive cooling strategies, the temperature indoor can be decreased from about 26.1 to 31.4°C, which can be described as being in the comfort zone for the three studied locations. Finally, these findings can contribute to understanding the thermal behavior of residential buildings and offer guidelines to develop a convenient concept of what the building composition should look like in arid and hot climates.


Keywords


thermal comfort, passive cooling, bioclimatic approach, bioclimatic chart, hot climates

Full Text:

PDF

References


Energy and mine ministry, APRUE National Agency for Promotion and Rationalization of the use of energy, edition 2009.

B. Hebbal, Y. Marif, M.M. Belhadj, “Bioclimatic architecture in the ancient villages of southern Algeria”, ICREE2019, Springer Proceedings in Energy. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020.

V. Olgyay, “Design with Climate, Bioclimatic Approach, and Architectural Regionalism”, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1963.

B. Givoni, “Comfort, climate analysis and building design guidelines”, Energy and Buildings Vol. 18, 1992, pp. 11-23.

N. Al-Azri, YH. Zurigat, N. Al-Rawahi, “Selection and Assessment of Passive Cooling Techniques for Residential Buildings in Oman Using a Bioclimatic Approach”, Journal of Engineering Research [TJER], Vol. 10, 2013, pp. 52-68.

S. Santy, H. Matsumoto, K. Tsuzuki, L. Susanti, “Bioclimatic Analysis in Pre-Design Stage of Passive House in Indonesia”, Buildings Vol. 7, 2017, pp. 24.

N.K. Khambadkone, R. Jain, “A bioclimatic approach to develop spatial zoning maps for comfort, passive heating and cooling strategies within a composite zone of India”, Building and Environment, Vol. 128, 2018, pp. 190–215.

Bouchahm, F. Bourbia, A. Belhamri, “Performance analysis and improvement of the use of wind tower in hot dry climate”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 36, 2011, pp. 898-906.

M. Benhammou, B. Draoui, M. Zerrouki, Y. Marif, “Performance analysis of an earth-to-air heat exchanger assisted by a wind tower for passive cooling of buildings in arid and hot climate”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 91, 2015, pp. 1–11.

M. Benhammou, B. Draoui, M. Hamouda, “Improvement of the summer cooling induced by an earth-to-air heat exchanger integrated in a residential building under hot and arid climate”, Applied Energy, Vol. 208, 2017, pp. 428–445.

Repository of free climate data for building performance simulation, 2020. http://climate.onebuilding.org

H.A. Mahmoud, “An analysis of bioclimatic zones and implications for design of outdoor built environments in Egypt”, Building and Environment Vol. 46, 2011, pp. 605-620.

S. Bodach, “Developing Bioclimatic Zones and Passive Solar Design Strategies for Nepal”, The 30th PLEA Conference - Sustainable habitat for developing societies, 2014.

N.K. Khambadkone, R. Jain. R, “A bioclimatic analysis tool for investigation of the potential of passive cooling and heating strategies in a composite Indian climate”, Building and Environment, Vol. 123, 2017, pp. 469- 493

Gh.R. Roshan, M. Farrokhzad, S. Attia, “Defining thermal comfort boundaries for heating and cooling demand estimation in Iran's urban settlements”, Building and Environment, Vol. 121, 2017, pp. 168-189.

F. Tartarini, S. Schiavon, T. Cheung, T. Hoyt, “CBE Thermal Comfort Tool: Online tool for thermal comfort calculations and visualizations”, Software X, Vol. 12, 2020, pp. 100563.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47238/ijeca.v6i1.147

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Energetica

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
The content of this journal is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License