Engineering and Economic Evaluation of Production of SnO2 Nanoparticles by Microwave-Assisted Green Synthesis

Annida Salsabila, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto ...

Abstract


The synthesis of nanoparticles from noble metals such as tin (IV) oxide (SnO2) is a research in progress with a very wide application in various fields, such as environmental improvement, gas sensors, catalysis, and lithium-ion batteries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the economic feasibility of producing tin (IV) oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles using the microwave-assisted green synthesis method on an industrial scale for 10 years by evaluating from an engineering and economic perspective. Various economic parameters are used to analyze economic viability, including Gross Profit Margin (GPM), Payback period (PBP), Cumulative Net Present Value (CNPV), as well as economic variations in sales, taxes, raw materials, labor wages, and utilities to ascertain project viability. Technical analysis to produce 8.54 kg of SnO2 nanoparticles per day shows a total production cost of 1,982,243,613.12 IDR and a total investment cost of 1,732,590,765.12 IDR. The resulting gross profit margin is 39,231,578,268 IDR/year, the profit is relatively economical, so this project can be run for 10 years under ideal conditions. This research is expected to be a reference for technical and economic analysis of industrial scale production of SnO2 nanoparticles.


Full Text:

PDF

References


J. Zhang, L. Gao, “Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline tin oxide by sol–gel method”. Journal of Chemistry Letter, Vol. 177, 2004, pp. 1425-1430.

A. Madzlan, S.A. Saad, R.W.B. Wan, “Size-controlled synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles by sol–gel method”. Journal of Material Letters, Vol. 91, 2002, pp. 31-34.

A. Anarki, A.R. Mahjoub, A.A. Khodadadi, “Preparation of SnO2 nanoparticles and nanorods by using a hydrothermal method at low temperature”. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2007, pp. 111.

H. Chiu, C. Yeh, “Hydrothermal Synthesis of SnO2 Nanoparticles and Their Gas-Sensing of Alcohol”. Phys. Chem C, Vol. 111, 2007, pp. 7256-7259.

F. Du, Z. Guo, G. Li, “Hydrothermal synthesis of SnO2 hollow microspheres”. Materials Letters, Vol. 59, 2005, pp. 2663-2565.

H. Yang, X. Song, X. Zhang, W. Ao, G. Qiu, “Synthesis of vanadium-doped SnO2 nanoparticles by chemical co-precipitation method”. Materials Letters, Vol. 57, 2002, pp. 3124–3127.

S.L. Yuan, Z.M. Tian, J.H. He, P. Li, S.Q. Zhang, C.H. Wang, Y.Q. Wang, S.Y. Yin, L. Liu, “Structure and magnetic properties in Mn doped SnO2 nanoparticles synthesized by chemical co-precipitation method”. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 466, 2008, pp. 26–30.

C.A. Ibarguen, A. Mosquera, R. Parra, M. S. Castro, J. E.R. Pae, “Synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles through the controlled precipitation route”. Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 101, 2007, pp. 433–440.

L.M. Nejati, A.E.B. Karimabad, M.S. Niasari, H. Safardoust, “Synthesis and Characterization of SnO2 Nanostructures Prepared by a Facile”. JNS, 2006, pp. 547-53.

T. Krishnakumar, R. Jayaprakash, M. Parthibavarman, A.R. Phani, V.N. Singh, B.R. Mehta, “Microwave-assisted synthesis and investigation of SnO2 nanoparticles. Materials Letters, Vol. 63, 2009, pp. 896.

C. Thenmozhi, V. Manivannan, E. Kumar, S.V.R. Murugan, “Synthesis and Characterization of SnO2 nanoparticles by Microwave-assisted Solution Method”. International Journal of Current Research, Vol. 7, 20015, pp. 23162-23166.

M. Parthibavarman, V. Hariharan, C. Sekar, “High-sensitivity humidity sensor based on SnO2 nanoparticles synthesized by microwave irradiation method”. Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 31, 2011, pp. 840–844.

L.M. Cukrov, T. Tsuzuki, P.G. McCormick, “SnO2 Nanoparticles Prepared By Mechanochemical Processing”. Scripta mater, Vol. 44, 2001, pp. 1787–1790.

U. Kersen, M.R. Sundberg. “The Reactive Surface Sites and the H2S Sensing Potential for the SnO2 Produced by a Mechanochemical Milling”. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 150, 2003, pp. H129-H134.

G. Elango, S.M. Kumaran, S.S. Kumar, S. Muthuraja, S.M. Roopan, “Green synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles and its photocatalytic activity of phenolsulfonphthalein dye”. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 145, 2015, pp. 176–180.

K. Karthik, V. Revathi, T. Tatarchuk, “Microwave-assisted green synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles and their optical and photocatalytic properties”. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol. 671, 2018, pp. 17–23.

M.A. Surati, S. Jauhari, K.R. Desai, “A Brief Review: Microwave Assisted Organic Reaction”. Scholars Research Library Archives of Applied Science Research, Vol. 4, 2012, pp. 645-661.

G.A. Kahrilas, L.M. Wally, S.J. Fredrick, M. Hiskey, A.L. Prieto, J.E. Owens, “Microwave-assisted green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using orange peel extract”. ACS Sustainable Chemistry Engineering, Vol. 2, 2014, pp. 367–376.

A. B. D. Nandiyanto, T. A. Aziz, & R. Fariansyah. Engineering and Economic Analysis of the Synthesis of Fluoride Tin Oxide Film Production. International Journal of Energetica, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 2017, pp. 15-17.

F. Nantamandini, S. Karina, A. B. D. Nandiyanto, & R. Ragaditha. Feasibility study based on economic perspective of cobalt nanoparticle synthesis with chemical reduction method. International Journal of Energetica, Vol. 4, Issue I, 2019, pp. 17-22.

A.B.D. Nandiyanto, R. Ragadhita, “Evaluasi Ekonomi Perancangan Pabrik Kimia”, Bandung, Rumah Publikasi Indonesia, 2019.

S. Frioui, R. Oumeddour, “Investment and production costs of desalination plant by semi-empirical method”. Desalination, Vol. 223, 2008, pp. 457-463.

D.E. Garret, “Chemical Engineering Economics”, New York, Spinger Science and Bussines Media, 2012.

D. Brennan, K. Golonka, “New factors for capital cost estimation in evolving process designs”. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Vol. 80, 2002, pp. 576-586.

C. Ma, G. Hong, S. Lee, “Facile Synthesis of Tin Dioxide Nanoparticles for Photocatalytic Degradation of Congo Red Dye in Aqueous Solution”. Catalysts, Vol. 10, 2020, pp. 792.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.47238/ijeca.v5i2.134

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Energetica

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
The content of this journal is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License