Optimal Planning of On-Grid Hybrid Microgrid for Remote Island Using HOMER Software, Kish in Iran

Mehdi Jahangiri

Abstract

HOMER software functions as a tool for modeling and optimization of an energy generation micropower system based on renewable technologies. In this paper for the first time the monthly real load data have been used in HOMER to design a renewable-based microgrid in grid-connected mode for Kish Island, Iran. The calculations were performed in a way that the designed system could supply the load demand of the studied area with the lowest cost, least pollution, and highest reliability. To overcome the intermittency of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar, a combination of these sources in a hybrid system and installation of battery storage systems were considered. The solar radiation and wind speed data required by the software were obtained from the country’s meteorology and NASA website and used in the software. The analysis results of four scenarios, including national grid/diesel generator, national grid/diesel generator/solar cell, national grid/diesel generator/wind turbine, and national grid/diesel generator/solar cell/wind turbine, showed the prices per kWh of $0.483, $0.505, $0.472, $0.537, respectively. In these scenarios, the share of renewable energies was 0%, 8%, 11%, and 26%, respectively. The highest amount of electricity sold to the national grid was 1597095 kWh/y for the fourth scenario which had also the lowest rate of CO2 emissions by 4128650 kg/y.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Renewables 2017 global status report, Renewable energy policy network for the 21st century,http://www.ren21.net/status-of-renewables /global-status-report.

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization, Conserving sources by developing renewable and clean energies, http://www.satba.gov.ir/suna_content/media/image/2018/09/6251_orig.jpg

M.S.H. Lipu, M.G. Hafiz, M.S. Ullah, A Hossain, F.Y Munia,. Design Optimization and Sensitivity Analysis of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems: A case of Saint Martin Island in Bangladesh. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), 2017, 7(2), pp.988-998.

P Peerapong, B.Limmeechokchai, Optimal electricity development by increasing solar resources in diesel-based micro grid of island society in Thailand. Energy Reports, 2017. 3, pp.1-13.

M. Soukeyna, I.B. Ramdhane, D. Ndiaye, M. Elmamy, M.M Menou, A.M Yahya, A.K Mahmoud, I. Youm, Feasibility analysis of hybrid electricity generation system by HOMER for Mauritanian northern coast. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 13(8), 2018. pp.120-131.

S.S Sadati, E. Jahani, O. Taylan, D.K. Baker, Sizing of Photovoltaic-Wind-Battery Hybrid System for a Mediterranean Island Community Based on Estimated and Measured Meteorological Data. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 140(1), 2018. p.011006.

Hantoro, R., Budiono, C., Ketter, R.K. and Satwika, N.A., 2018. Energy Demand Analysis and Design of a Hybrid Power System in Bawean Islands, Indonesia. In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 164, p. 01038). EDP Sciences.

Rezaei-Shouroki, M., Mostafaeipour, A., Qolipour, M., 2017. Prioritizing of wind farm locations for hydrogen production: A case study. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42, pp. 9500-9510.

Rezaei, M., Mostafaeipour, A., Qolipour, M., Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, R., 2018. Investigation of the optimal location design of a hybrid wind-solar plant: A case study. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43, pp. 100-114.

Mostafaeipour, A., Sedaghat, A., Qolipour, M., Rezaei, M., Arabnia, H.R., Saidi-Mehrabad, M., Shamshirband, S., Alavi, O., 2017. Location of solar-hydrogen power plants in the province of Kerman, Iran. Advances in Energy Research, 5(2), pp. 179-205.

Mostafaeipour, A., Qolipour, M., Mohammadi, K., 2016. Evaluation of installing photovoltaic plants using a hybrid approach for Khuzestan province, Iran. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60, pp. 60-67.

Mostafaeipour, A., Qolipour, M., Rezaei, M., Babaee-Tirkolaee, E., 2018. Investigation of off-grid photovoltaic systems for a reverse osmosis desalination system: A case study. Desalination, Corrected Proof.

Mostafaeipour, A., Zarezade, M., Goudarzi, H., Rezaei-Shouroki, M., Qolipour, M., Investigating the factors on using the solar water heaters for dry arid regions: A case study. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 78, 2017. pp. 157-166.

Qolipour, M., Mostafaeipour, A., Rezaei, M.,. A mathematical model for simultaneous optimization of renewable electricity price and construction of new wind power plants (case study: Kermanshah). International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, 9(1), 2017, pp. 71-80.

Rezaei, M., Mostafaeipour, A., Qolipour, M., Arabnia, H.R., Hydrogen production using wind energy from sea water: A case study on Southern and Northern coasts of Iran. Energy & Environment, 29(3), 2018. pp. 333-357.

Alavi, O., Mostafaeipour, A., Qolipour, M., Analysis of hydrogen production from wind energy in the southeast of Iran. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41(34), 2016. pp. 15158-15171.

Qolipour, M., Mostafaeipour, A., Mohseni Tousi, O., Techno-economic feasibility of a photovoltaic-wind power plant construction for electric and hydrogen production: A case study. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 78, 2017. pp. 113-123.

Google earth, www.Googleearh.com, Available: 22.07.2016.

The Kish business hub, www.kishtpc.com, Available: 22.07.2016.

Energy information, http://www.energyinformation.ir, Available: 22.07.2016.

NASA Prediction of Worldwide Energy Resources, https://power.larc.nasa.gov, Available: 22.07.2016.

Lambert, T., Gilman, P., Lilienthal, P., Micropower system modeling with HOMER. Integration of alternative sources of energy, 2005. pp. 379-418.

Demiroren, A., Yilmaz, U., Analysis of change in electric energy cost with using renewable energy sources in Gökceada, Turkey: An island example. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(1), 2010. pp.323-333.

Jafarian, M. DG planning by HOMER Software, Ms Thesis, Sharif University of technology, Tehran. 2007

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Organization,

http://www.satba.gov.ir/fa/regions/hormozgan, Available: 22.07.2016.

https://www.globalpetrolprices.com/gasoline_prices, Available: 22.07.2016.

https://tradingeconomics.com/country-list/interest-rate?continent=asia, Available: 06.06.2018.

Vahdatpour, S., Behzadfar, S., Siampour, L., Veisi, E., Jahangiri, M., Evaluation of off-grid hybrid renewable systems in the four climate regions of Iran. Journal of Renewable Energy and Environment, 4(1), 2018. p.61.

http://www.satba.gov.ir/fa/guidance/investmentguideforsmallpowerplants, Available: 22.07.2018.

Nematollahi, O., Alamdari, P., Jahangiri, M., Assessing the wind energy potential locations in province of Ardabil for generate electricity. 1st regional conference on electrical engineering-RCEE, Ramhormoz, Iran. 2011.

Jahangiri M., Abdollahi A., Sedaghat A., Saghafian M., Assessing the wind energy potential locations in province of Qazvin in Iran. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Emerging Trends in Energy Conservation-ETEC, Tehran, Iran. 2011.

Jahangiri M., Abdollahi A., Malayeri A.H., Sedaghat, A., Feasibility of installing wind turbines in Qazvin province Case study: Jarandagh station. 4th National Conference of Mechanical Engineering-NCME2011, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr Branch, Iran. November 2011

Jahangiri M., Abdollahi A., Sedaghat A., Saghafian M., Statistical analysis of wind energy in Markazi Province Case Study: Saveh Station. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Emerging Trends in Energy Conservation-ETEC, Tehran, Iran. 2011.

Hajagah onour, K., Jahangiri, M., Sedaghat, A., Theoretical Aerodynamic analysis of six airfoils for use on small wind turbines. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Emerging Trends in Energy Conservation-ETEC, Tehran, Iran. 2011.

Hajagah onour, K., Jahangiri, M., Sedaghat, A., 2011. Feasibility of installing wind turbine to generate electricity power in Iran, Case Study: the Khuzestan province. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Emerging Trends in Energy Conservation-ETEC, Tehran, Iran.

Alamdari, P., Nematollahi, O., Jahangiri, M., Hajji Malayeri, A., 2012. Feasibility Study of Wind Energy Potential in Alborz Province for Generate Electricity, a case study: Eshtehard. 1st Specialty Conference of the wind and sun, Tehran, Iran.

Jahangiri, M., Hajji Malayeri, A., Sedaghat, A., Aghaei, E., Investigating wind potential for clean energy production in Khorasan Razavi Province, Case Study: Jangal station. 1st Specialty Conference of the wind and sun, Tehran, Iran. 2012.

Jahangiri, M., Hajji Malayeri, A., Aghaei, E., Statistical analysis of wind data for installation of wind turbine to generate electricity power in the Khuzestan province, Case study: Abadan station. 1st Specialty Conference of the wind and sun, Tehran, Iran. 2012.

Alamdari, P., Jahangiri, M., Nematollahi, O., Hajji Malayeri, A.,. Assessing the wind energy potential locations in province of East Azerbaijan for generate electricity. 1st Specialty Conference of the wind and sun, Tehran, Iran. 2012

Alamdari, P., Nematollahi, O., Jahangiri, M., Feasibility study of wind energy for generate electricity in Province of Sistan and Baluchistan, case study: Nosrat Abad. The 3rd International Scientific Conference of Iranian Students in Belarus, Minsk, Belarus. 2012.

Jahangiri, M., Nematollahi, O., Sedaghat, A. and Saghafian, M., Techno-economical assessment of renewable energies integrated with fuel cell for off grid electrification: A case study for developing countries. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 7(2), 2015. p.023123.

Riahi Zaniani, J., Heydarian Dehkordi, R., Bibak, A., Bayat, P., Jahangiri, M., Examining the Possibility of Using Solar Energy to Provide Warm Water Using Retscreen4 Software (Case Study: Nasr Primary School of Pirbalut). Special Issue of Current World Environment; 10 (Special Issue May 2015).

Alidadi Shamsabadi, A., Jahangiri, M., Koohi Faeghm A., Raeisi Dehkordi, A., Biogas production in a dairy cow unit to provide a sustainable solution for reducing the environmental pollutions and pathogens. The 11th international Energy Conference (IEC 2016), Iran, Tehran. 2016.

Jahangiri, M., Khosravi, A., Raiesi, H.A. and Mostafaeipour, A., Analysis of Standalone PV-Based Hybrid Systems for Power Generation in Rural Area. In International Conference on Fundamental Research in Electrical Engineering, Tehran. 2017.

Jahangiri, M. and Shamsabadi, A.A., Designing a horizontal-axis wind turbine for South Khorasan province: A case study. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 18(10), 2017. pp.1463-1473.

Jahangiri, M., Rizi, R.A. and Shamsabadi, A.A., Feasibility study on simultaneous generation ofelectricity and heat using renewable energies in Zarrin Shahr, Iran. Sustainable Cities and Society, 38, 2018. pp.647-661.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.