Economic evaluation of zinc oxide nanoparticle production through green synthesis method using Cassia fistula plant extract

Zahra Fatmarin, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto ...


The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a zinc oxide (ZnO) manufacturing project through a green synthesis method using plant extracts Cassia fistula and then evaluate it from an engineering and economic perspective. Several economic evaluation parameters are analyzed to inform the potential production of ZnO nanoparticles, such as the length of time required for an investment to return the total initial expenditure (PBP), the condition of a production project in the form of a production function in years (CNPV), project benefits and so on. The results showed that the production of ZnO nanoparticles was very prospective. Technical analysis to produce 250 kg of ZnO nanoparticles per day shows the total cost of the equipment purchased to be 21,450.00 USD. PBP analysis shows that investment will be profitable after more than three years. This project can compete with PBP capital market standards because of the short investment returns. To ensure the feasibility of a project, the project is estimated from ideal conditions to the worst case in production, including labor, sales, raw materials, utilities, and external conditions.

Full Text:



Z. R Dai, Z. W Pan, Z. L Wang, “Novel Nanostructures of Functional Oxides Synthesized by Thermal Evaporation”, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 1, 2003, pp. 9-24

M Abdullah, Khairurrijal, “Review: Karakterisasi Nanomaterial”, Jurnal Nanosains & Nanoteknologi, 2009.

W. Yujum, Z. Chunling, and B. Siwei, “Preparation of ZnO Nanoparticles Using The Direct Precipitation Method In a Membrane Dispersion Micro-Structured Reactor”, Powder Technology, 2010, pp.130-136.

C Chen, P Liu, C Lu, “Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-sized ZnO Powders by Direct Precipitation Method”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 144, Issue 3, 2008, pp.509-513.

Y Liu, Zhou, Jian-er, A. Larbot, “Preparation and characterization of nano-zinc oxide”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 189, 2007, pp.379-383.

K. Hayat, M.A. Gondal, M.M. Khaled, “Nano ZnO synthesis by modified sol gel method and its application in heterogeneous photocatalytic removal of phenol from water”, Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 393, 2011, pp.122-129.

M H Mamat, M Z Sahdan, S Amizam, “Properties of nanostructured zinc oxide by hydro-thermal aqueous chemical growth method”, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2009, pp.586–590.

A. Aimable, M. T. Buscaglia, V Buscaglia, P. Bowen, “Polymer-assisted precipitation of ZnO nanoparticles with narrow particle size distribution”, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 30, 2010, pp.591–598.

S.E Savary, Marinel, H Colder, “Microwave sintering of nano-sized ZnO synthesized by a liquid route”, Powder Technology, Vol. 208, 2011, pp.521-525.

X, Zhao, B. Zheng, C Li, and H. Gu, “Acetate-derived ZnO ultrafine particles synthesized by spray pyrolysis”, Powder Technology, Vol. 100, 1998, pp.20–23.

T Tani, L, Mädler, S. E Pratsinis, “Homogeneous ZnO nanoparticles by flame spray pyrolysis”, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 4, Issue 4, 2002, pp.337–343.

J.Y. Li., X.L. Chen, H. Li, M. He, “Fabrication of zinc oxide nanorods”, Vol. 233, Issue 1, 2001, pp.5-7

H Kleinwechter., C. Janzen., J. Knipping, H. Wiggers, “Formation and Properties of ZnO nano-particles from gas phase synthesis processes”, Vol. 37, 2002, pp.4349-4360.

D. Suresh, P. C. Nethravathi., Udayabhanu, H. Rajanaika, H. Nagabhushana, S. C Sharma, “Green synthesis of multifunctional zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles using Cassia fistula plant extract and their photodegradative, antioxidant and antibacterial activities”, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Vol. 31, 2015, pp.446–454.

E. R. P. Priyanda, A. Sukmafitri, A. Mudzakir, A.B.D. Nandiyanto. W. C. Nugraha, W. Ramadhani, “Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles for enhancing students view of the nature of science and technology”, Indonesian Journal of Science & Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 1, 2020.

F. Nandatamadini, S. Karina, A.B.D Nandiyanto, R. Ragadhita, “Feasibility study based on economic perspective of cobalt nanoparticle synthesis with chemical reduction method” International Journal of Energetica. Vol. 4, Issue 1, 2019, pp.17-22.

Bank Indonesia, “Foreign Exchange Rates”. [Online]. Available:, 2020.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Energetica

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
The content of this journal is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License